• ~~~~~ FRENCH BULLDOG ~~~~~

    ~~~~~ AND ~~~~

    ~~~~~ FRENCHBO ~~~~~

    ~~~~~ CARE ~~~~~~





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    Note: This document is provided for information purposes only.

    Umpqua Valley Kennels LLC does not guarantee the veracity of this information.

    Under no circumstances should this information replace the advice of your vet.



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    BRINGING PUPPY HOME


    When you get your puppy, you should also receive

    from the breeder: either the puppy's Registration Certificate or its Application

    for Registration; a copy of its pedigree; a record of its immunizations

    (exactly what shots and when given) and wormings, a sales contract

    (if the puppy is sold on a Limited Registration you should receive

    a sales contract which includes the terms, if any, under which the

    breeder will lift that restriction); written care instructions;

    a supply of the food the puppy eats. If you do not receive one of

    these items you should get a written, dated and signed statement from the

    breeder stating when you will receive that item or why you will not.



    When you arrive home with your puppy, remember -

    your puppy is a baby Bulldog. Like all babies, he needs lots of love and

    cuddling, lots of rest and sleep, lots of love and cuddling, lots of good,

    nourishing food and more love and cuddling.



    Moving to a new home, leaving his dam and litter

    mates and the only humans he has ever really known is a very traumatic

    experience for the puppy, so try to make the move as easy as possible for

    him. For the first couple of weeks, try to change his life as little as possible.



    Follow the breeders feeding routine. The same times,

    the same amount, the same brand of food, the same supplements. Feed him

    in the same place at each meal. Be sure he has a special area all his own

    for his bed. Give him lots and lots of cuddling and petting. Do not let

    him play so long and hard that he becomes exhausted.



    Sometime during the first week, you should take him

    to your veterinarian for a check up and get to know you visit. Take along

    the record of his immunizations and wormings.

    Once the puppy is settled securely into his new home,

    you can begin to introduce him to your way of doing things.

    if you want to change the brand of puppy kibble he

    is eating, the change should be slow and gradual. Substitute a small amount

    of the old food with the new brand and slowly increase the ratio of new

    to old until the old brand is completely replaced with the new.



    EXERCISE

    While your French bulldog is young try to avoid any forced jumping exercises,

    these include allowing your puppy to jump up onto the bed and back down from it,

    forced jumping or jumping up and down the stairs. This is mainly due to the

    vertical movements of this kind can increase the pressure on the cartridge

    of the articulations, any harm done to these early could cause deformation of

    the position of the legs. French bulldogs are still considered

    young until around 18 month of age!!



    *********************************************************************

    TOYS

    Never ever give your Bulldog a rawhide toy. Even Bulldog puppies can tear

    a piece off the rawhide and choke on it.

    Puppies like knotted socks to shake and play tug of war with.

    They also like Nylabone and Gummabone toys. Many like to play

    with balls, but be sure the ball is too big to lodge in the throat. They

    like cotton tug toys like Booda Bones. Some Bulldoggers give their puppies

    and dogs Choo-Hooves and the dogs really like them, but be cautious with

    these. They are an "only when I can watch you toy. The only

    real difference between the toys for a puppy and the toys for an adult

    Bulldog is size. The puppy gels a fairly small Gummabone, (the adult gets

    a big one. Just be sure the toy is too big to swallow. Throw a Nyla or

    Gummabone etc. away before it gets so small the dog can get the entire

    piece in its mouth.)



    FEEDING

    A Bulldog should eat out of a pan which has a flat bottom and straight sides.

    Most people use stainless steel because it lasts longer.

    Most breeders feed a two to four month old puppy on a "free feed" Method.

    There are several good brands of puppy kibble. If you are not satisfied

    with the kibble he is eating,try another. You want a kibble the puppy likes

    and which produces a nice coat, keeps the puppy round but not obese, and

    produces solid stools. We Feed Diamond Naturals. Check the list of ingredients

    on the sack. Do not feed your Bulldog a kibble which contains Corn, Wheat

    or Glutens of any kind.

    You may feed the puppy on a set schedule, or have

    food available to him at all times. The pup will flourish under either

    regimen. The choice depends on which is more convenient for you.



    How much you feed him depends on the puppy. In most

    cases, a growing puppy which gets sufficient exercise should eat as much

    as it wants. If the puppy does become obese, you may need to regulate the

    amount he eats, but do not put a growing puppy on a severely restricted

    diet unless it is supervised by a veterinarian who is knowledgeable about

    Bulldog puppies.

    From four to six months a puppy's feeding regimen

    should remain the same but the number of feedings may be reduced to three.

    At about six months this number can be reduced to two. In most cases continue

    feeding the puppy as much as he wants.

    How often you feed a dog a year or more old depends

    on your preference and the dog's. Most dogs do well on one meal a day.

    Some do better on two meals a day. You may prefer to feed in the morning

    or the evening. This is up to you. If you like it and the dog likes it,

    it's the right way.



    A Bulldog usually eats puppy kibble until it is at

    least a year old. If he is thriving on puppy kibble, leave him on it until

    he is at least two years old. You can feed him puppy kibble all his life,

    if it agrees with him. Most Bulldogs are changed from puppy to adult kibble

    at around twelve to eighteen months. The best change is to the adult version

    of the puppy kibble you have been feeding him. It does not hurt your Bulldog

    to change from one brand of dog food to another and then to another and

    so on as long as each change is done by gradually, substituting more and

    more of the new brand for the old.



    If your Bulldog is spayed or neutered or as it ages

    and becomes less active, you may need to start feeding a reduced calorie

    dog food to keep it from becoming too fat. Most good brands of dog food

    have such a kibble. Again, it's best if you stay with the same brand you've

    been feeding and change to the lo-fat version.



    Whatever its age, your Bulldog should have fresh water available at all times.



    It is not really necessary to add to a good kibble.

    But you may find your dog prefers goodies on his food, or does

    a little better with some. The most common supplements are cottage cheese,

    yogurt and oil. Cottage cheese is especially good for growing puppies since

    the Bulldog must grow a lot of heavy bone in a short time. About a tablespoon

    per feeding. Yogurt helps to keep the digestive system working well, about

    a teaspoon per feeding. Oil helps to keep the coat and skin in good condition,

    about a teaspoon twice a day. canola oil is best - do not give

    your Bulldog any oil which contains soybean oil.



    You may also give your Bulldog a vitamin supplement.

    Do not over dose. If the directions say one a day, two is not better. You may

    also give a vitamin C tablet 100 - 500 units per day. Supplements to be

    very careful about are Vitamins E, D and A. Overdoses of these can cause

    trouble. Also be very cautious about adding more calcium than what about

    a quarter cup of cottage cheese per day adds to what is in the kibble.

    If you plan to breed a bitch, vitamin B complex, including folic acid,

    is recommended, but again be careful not to overdose. Iron supplements

    should be given with care and caution.

    Treats should usually be dog biscuits. It won't hurt

    your Bulldog to give him an occasional bite of meat, vegetables, fruit,

    soda crackers, ice cream, etc. etc. But do not give him chocolate or onions.



    BEDDING

    Bedding material used for Bulldogs ranges from Basic to special dog beds of

    all types and prices. The most common is cottonrugs or blankets which can be

    washed with ease. Don't pamper your Bulldogwith a wicker dog bed.

    He will thoroughly enjoy reducing it to twigs and

    it really isn't a good thing for him to eat. The fake sheepskin rugs available

    from most pet stores and dog catalogues make good beds as they are soft

    and wash and dry with ease. The important thing for bedding is that it

    be easily washable and provide a soft nesting area for the dog. As long

    as it meets that requirement, any bedding will do.



    TRAINING



    House training


    The key here is consistency. Take the pup outside, preferably to the same area

    each time, as soon as he wakes up, about ten minutes after each meal, about

    every hour when he's awake, just before his nap or night bedtime. The puppy

    must empty bladder and bowels before he goes to bed for the night. Always

    praise the puppy as he is going, and move away from the area as soon as

    he is finished. Very few dogs will soil their beds, so it is best to keep

    him confined at night and any time you cannot watch him. If you see the

    pup "hunting" (sniffing and circling) take him outside immediately.

    If you see him urinating or defecating in the house,

    take him outside at once. Do not scold him when you catch him in

    the act. This will only cause him to sneak around and potty in the house

    away from your presence and may inhibit him from potty while you are present

    outside with him! Praise for correct behavior works much better than punishment

    for incorrect behavior. Remember, a puppy is a baby, his capacity

    is small, his muscle control limited. Be consistent, be patient, and you

    will succeed in training him to go outside not inside.



    Lead training

    The earlier you start the better, but if your puppy

    has not had any lead training before you get him, wait a week or so until

    he's settled comfortably into his new home before you begin.

    You will need a light weight Harness and a light weight lead.

    Fasten the lead to the Harness and let the puppy lead you around.

    If he doesn't move, move a bit and coax him to move after you.

    Do not ever pullon the lead and drag or choke the puppy. This should be

    a happy experience for the puppy so give him lots of praise. As he becomes

    used to walking about with the harness and lead, begin to give little tugs

    and encouragehim to follow you rather than you following him. Always keep

    him on yourleft side. Keep his lessons short. Several five to ten minutes sessions

    a day are better than one half hour session. Do not play with the puppy

    during his lesson, but do praise him often when he follows you.



    Once he is following you with consistency you can

    begin taking him on walks around the neighborhood. You will probably need

    to give him several gently tugs the first few times to keep him with you

    rather than exploring on his own. You may need to stop and talk to him

    a few times. Again, do not pull on the lead and drag or choke him. A quick

    jerk and immediate release on the harness is the way to control him. Do

    not try to rush this. A few minutes a day, every day, lots of praise when

    he does it right, a quick jerk and release to correct when he doesn't,

    lots of praise, patience and consistency and he will soon be walking nicely

    at your side. If you plan to show your puppy, you will also need to

    train him to stand still and let you hold his head. Start this training

    along with the lead training as early as possible.



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    ~~~~ BULLDOG MEDICINE CHEST ~~~~

    Below you'll find a basic checklist of medications and first aid equipment you

    should have on hand to care for your Bulldog. This should by no means take the

    place of the advice of a veterinarian. Please consult your vet about the proper

    use of any of the items on this list.





    Vaseline. Use this on his nose, on his eye wrinkles,



    any place you need to soothe and waterproof but don't need to medicate.

    Use it also on the thermometer when you take his temperature.



    Plastic RealLemon. If he gets phlegm in his throat

    and chokes on it, a couple squirts of juice from the plastic lemon will

    help clear it out.



    A good Digital Thermometer.



    Clear Eyes, for irritated eyes



    Aspirin. For minor aches and pains. Most Bulldogs

    can tolerate aspirin but do not give any other human pain reliever such

    as Tylenol or Advil. Buffered aspirin such as Bufferin is better than plain

    aspirin and Ascriptin is better than Bufferin. Remember that the dosage

    for aspirin, like most pain relief medication, is based primarily on body

    weight. A Bulldog should never be given more than one tablet at a time

    or more frequently than every twelve hours. Some Bulldogs are allergic

    to aspirin, so use with care.



    Benadryl. Either capsule or liquid. Use this if the

    dog is stung by a bee or other insect, and for minor allergies.

    Dosage: Benadryl = 1 mg per 1lb of dog weight up to 50 mg



    Bag Balm. A good all purpose ointment for minor skin afflictions.

    Also good for cleaning wrinkles, tail pockets and ears. Do not put in his eyes.



    Baby Wipes with lanolin and aloe (unscented), good for cleaning wrinkles and tail pockets.



    PeptoBismol. For minor stomach upset and diarrhea.

    Dosage: Pepto Bismol = 1 tsp per 20lbs of dog weight every 4 hours (tends to be

    more effective for diarrhea in dogs than strict antidiarrheal medications)



    Kaopectate. For minor diarrhea.

    Dosage: Kaopectate = 1 tsp for each 20lbs of dog every 4 hours



    Desitin Use for minor skin irritations, keeping skin folds dry, and minor sunburn



    Cough medicine (Triaminic) - Use to control cough and as expectorant

    Dosage: Triaminic = 1 tsp per 20lbs of dog weight every 4-6 hours (short-term use only)



    Anticoagulant (styptic powder) - Use to stop bleeding caused by cutting

    into the quick when trimming nails



    Antibiotic ointment



    Hydrogen peroxide - Use to induce vomiting or as a general antiseptic cleanser

    Dosage: 1 tsp per 10lbs of dog weight, repeat once in 15 minutes if necessary (to induce vomiting)



    Ophthalmic ointment (non-steroid)



    medicated powder such as Gold Bond



    3 cc/ml Syringes without needles, for ORAL liquid medicines or treatments.



    Q-tips. Use for applying medication and cleaning ears.



    Cotton balls. Use for applying medication, for cleaning

    and to keep ears dry while bathing.



    soft bristle or rubber brush



    shampoo - mild, no tears



    Dog nail clippers or an electric grinder



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    GROOMING

    Your Bulldog should be thoroughly brushed at least three times a week. Most

    Bulldogs love to be brushed. Use a soft bristle or rubber brush. Start

    at the rear and brush against the hair. After you've brushed the entire

    dog against the grain, brush it with the grain. Follow this with a good

    rub down. This will keep his hair shiny and his skin healthy. During shedding

    time, spring and fall, you may need to brush more often, give more frequent

    rubdowns. The idea is to remove the dead hair and distribute the natural oils.



    BATHING

    A Bulldog that receives frequent brushings and rubdowns

    does not need frequent bathing. Most People bathe their dogs when

    the dog is dirty - when it obviously needs a bath.

    Where do you bathe a Bulldog? Any place you want to and can!

    Some people have a big deep sink, some use the bath tub,

    some use the kitchen sink, in the summer some wash the dog on the lawn.

    You need a place where you can control the dog, where you can easily control

    the water supply and where you can rinse the dog thoroughly. It's a good

    idea, especially with a puppy, to take the dog outside to do his

    thing just before you bathe him.



    Gather up all the things you will need before you start.

    You will need:

    shampoo, any rinses you plan to use, cotton balls, Q-tips, eye ointment or mineral oil,

    Vaseline, wash cloth, towels.



    You will want a mild, no tears shampoo. Most people use a dog shampoo.

    Some use a baby shampoo such as Johnson and Johnson No Tears or Avon Tearless.

    You may on occasion need to use a flea shampoo but since these are quite harsh,

    don't use one unless you really need to.

    Put a couple of drops of mineral oil or a bit of

    eye ointment in the eyes and place a cotton ball securely in each ear before

    you wet the dog. Wet the dog thoroughly from just behind the ears to the

    tips of the toes on his hind feet. Be sure his underside is wet, too, not

    just the top and sides. Apply the shampoo starting at his neck and working

    back. Work the shampoo in to be sure you get all the way through his hair

    to the skin. Pay special attention to his paws (wash between the toes),

    his tail (clean all around the base), and the genital area. On a bitch,

    be especially careful to clean the vulva. Wet the wash cloth and use it

    to dampen the dog's face and ears. Put some shampoo on the washcloth and

    wash the dog's face. Wash the wrinkles over the nose, on the forehead,

    around the nose and under the eyes. Wash his nose. Wash his ears, inside

    and out. Now rinse. Rinse until you are sure every bit of the dog, especially

    in the wrinkles and tight places, is thoroughly rinsed and there is no

    shampoo any place. If you are applying a rinse, do it now, following the

    instructions.



    Dry the dog with towels. Take the cotton balls out

    of the dog's ears and clean any wax carefully using a dry Q-Tip or one

    with a dab of Bag Balm. Rub a dab of Vaseline onto his nose to help keep

    it soft. You can then let him air dry or use a hair dryer to finish the

    drying. It's best to keep the dog inside until it is completely dry - about

    two hours.



    NAILS

    Most Bulldogs need their toe nails cut on a regular basis - about every

    two weeks. The nails should be kept as short as possible.

    You may use dog nail clippers or an electric grinder. Most people

    use the clippers, either guillotine or scissors type. Which type you use

    is up to you, but they should be sharp. When the blade begins to dull,

    replace it or buy new clippers - dull blades can be painful to the dog.

    Each person seems to have a different way to clip nails. Find the way

    that works best for you. The important thing is

    to be able to control the dog so that you do not hurt it.

    You can put the dog on the floor and scratch its tummy, or hold it between

    your legs - whatever works. Be especially careful not to cut into the quick.

    On white nails you can see where the quick begins. On black nails cut just to

    the curve of the nail. The clippers usually leave a rough edge. Use a good

    dog nail file to smooth them off. If you use en electric grinder, be very,

    very careful. It is easy to grind into the quick.



    The main thing is to make the experience as pleasant

    as possible for the dog so be really careful when cutting nails and don't

    cut into the quick. If you dog takes frequent walks on pavement or such,

    it will usually wear the nails down, so again, be careful as there may

    not be very much nail to cut. This is especially true of black nails which

    seem to wear more than the white ones.

    NOSE

    It is a good idea to put a little Vaseline on the nose of your French bulldog

    every now and again to stop it from drying out, a normal nose should be cool

    or wet but never dry and hot. If the nose is hot then you should take the dogs

    temperature and seek the advice of the vet.



    WRINKLES

    Bulldogs tend to have messy face wrinkles. The older

    they get, the messier the wrinkles. How often you clean these wrinkles

    depends on the dog. Some do very well if you clean the wrinkles a couple

    of times a week. Some need it on a daily basis. When you clean the wrinkles,

    wash his nose and apply a good rub of Vaseline to keep it soft. It's better

    to clean more often than you think you need to than not often enough. You

    can clean the wrinkles with a soft, damp cloth and then dry. Or you can

    wash them using the shampoo you use to bathe the dog. Be sure to rinse

    thoroughly and dry thoroughly. One of the best ways is to wipe the wrinkles

    clean with Baby Wipes with lanolin and aloe. Whatever method you use, be

    sure to get the deep nose wrinkle clean. You may need to put a soothing

    ointment in the deep nose wrinkle. If it is irritated Panalog will help

    to heal. Diaparene Ointment will soothe and dry the wrinkle. This contains

    zinc oxide, so before you apply it, rub Vaseline into the dog's nose. You

    will see a sizable number of Bulldogs have tear stains

    of varying degrees of color. If the stain is bad, in addition to cleaning

    you may want to try to remove the stain. There are many treatments, you

    may have to try several before you find one that works for you. Some of

    the commercial products used are Showes "Pretty Eyes Stain remover,

    Bio-Groom cream (to prevent re-staining) and Diamond Eye. You can make

    a paste of I Tbs. Hydrogen Peroxide and enough corn starch to make a thin

    paste (some people add I Tbs. Milk of Magnesia to the hydrogen peroxide

    and mix the cornstarch into that mixture). Apply to the stain, let dry,

    brush off excess. Apply on a daily basis until the stain in gone, then

    weekly to keep stain from returning. Another method is to rub the stain

    with a cotton ball soaked in Boric Acid. Daily until the stain is gone,

    then weekly. Or use NM Boric Acid ointment (10%) which can be purchased

    at Payless or most any drug store. Another remedy is rubbing a dab of Desitin

    into the stain to help dry it



    FLEAS

    The best way to treat fleas is to prevent them. Some dogs are allergic to flea

    saliva and can develop really serious skin problems

    so try to keep the flea population to a minimum. If you do get a bad flea

    infestation you may need to bomb your house or kennel, spray the yard and/or dog runs.

    Frequent brushing is the first defense. Frequently changed bedding is very important.

    Flea collars are not very effective and many Bulldogs cannot wear them.

    If you do use one, do not put one on a wet or damp dog and do not allow the

    dog to wear a wet collar (this includes letting the dog out in the rain with

    its flea collar on).



    You may need to give the dog a bath with a good flea

    shampoo or use an anti-flea rinse when you bathe. The chemicals used in

    these shampoos are harsh so use them only when necessary and follow instructions

    carefully. Avon Skin so Soft mixed in the rinse water is

    an effective, non-irritating flea deterrent used by several people.

    You can also use the Skin so Soft mixed with an equal part of water in

    a spray bottle, or, if you feel that's a bit too strong, try two capfuls

    in a pint spray bottle. This is also reported to repel mosquitoes and ticks.

    Above all else, a clean environment, especially his bed, is the best flea prevention.



    *************************************************************************

    ~~~ PROBLEMS AND TREATMENTS ~~~



    The second best medical advice any one can give you

    is,Find a veterinarian who knows and likes Bulldogs. This is one of the

    reasons why it's a good idea to join your local Bulldog Meet up Group.

    The members can usually refer you to a veterinarian who is familiar

    with Bulldogs and who likes them. Believe it or not - some veterinarians

    don't like Bulldogs, and no matter how good a veterinarian is, he's

    not a good one for your Bulldog.



    The very best advice is to know your Bulldog. Check the entire dog daily.

    Know if he isn't eating, if he isn't playing, if he doesn't seem quite right.

    Know immediately if something is wrong so you can take appropriate action.



    There are several minor ailments you can treat at home. Remember that if a home

    remedy doesn't cure the problem in two days, it's time to take the dog to the

    veterinarian. Do not keep trying various methods of home medication.





    LIQUID MEDICATIONS

    The easiest way to give a liquid medication is with a syringe.

    You can get them from your veterinarian or most drug stores.

    You want at least a 3cc size. Discard the needle. Pull the proper amount

    of liquid into the syringe, open the dog's mouth and shoot

    the liquid onto the back of his tongue.



    PILLS AND CAPSULES



    Open the dog's mouth, push the pill or capsule as far down his throat as possible,

    then hold his mouth shut and stroke his throat until he swallows.

    This has been known to work.

    Or wrap the pill or capsule in a bit of ground beef, lunchmeat or Velveeta cheese

    and feed it to the dog.

    This usually works.



    VOMITING

    For minor upset stomach Pepto Bismol or a similar medicine works best.

    Dose is according to the dog's weight. If there is

    hard vomiting or if the upset lasts more than 24 hours, take the dog to

    your veterinarian.



    DIARREA

    Kaopectate is most usually prescribed for minor diarrhea.

    Dose amount depends on the dog's weight. If the diarrhea continues longer

    than 24 hours or if there is Blood or Mucus in the stool, take the dog to the veterinarian.



    HOT SPOTS

    These are red, weepy, itchy spots. No one seems to

    really know what causes them. It could be fleas, food, allergies, etc.

    Clean the area thoroughly. You can wash with shampoo, rinse and dry. Or

    clean with Baby Wipes with lanolin and aloe. Or wash with Bigeloil. Then

    apply a medications such as Panalog, Bag Balm, Sulfadene, Schreiner's Healing

    Liniment (from a feed store) or 1% cortisone cream (you may need to get

    this from your own doctor). Clean and apply medication daily. You should

    see improvement by the second day, if not, take the dog to the veterinarian.



    INTERDIGITAL CYSTS

    This is another problem that no one seems to be sure

    what the cause is But you'll know one when you see an angry red swelling

    pop up between the dog's toes. First examine the paw carefully, especially

    the underside between the pads to be sure there is no foreign matter (a

    thorn or such). If there is, take it out. Clean the area. Remedies include:

    (1) Soaking the paw in warm water and Epsom Salts or Massengale Douche

    solution, dry and rub in Panalog.

    (2) Desenex foot powder.

    (3)Preparation H.

    (4) Division 5 Bulletin formula. Have your veterinarian make this up

    for you One part 60% DMSO, one part Gentavet solution 50 mg. per ml. Apply

    one drop per day; rub in with a Q Tip. Do NOT use more than one drop, do

    NOT apply more frequently than once a day. If you start application at

    the first sign, this solution will prevent the cyst from developing. With

    all these treatments, it's best to continue the treatment for two to three

    days after the cyst is gone.



    FUNGUS SPOTS

    These are somewhat like hot spots, but they are not

    weepy. Be sure you clean away all the scabby material. Wash

    the area and treat with Panalog, Keflex, or any good anti-fungal ointment.

    You can use Demorex shampoo or a sulfur based soap for the washing.





    EYES

    Dust, wind, pollen, the things that make your eyes

    burn and water have the same effect on your Bulldog. You can rinse the

    eyes out with a solution such as Clear Eyes. If the eyes are badly irritated,

    use a contact lens ointment such as Bausch & Lomb Duolube. For any

    other eye ailment, take the dog to your veterinarian.



    CHERRY EYE

    The gland which normally resides under the lower

    eye lid at the inside corner of the eye will sometimes pop

    out. This is not as horrible as it appears to be and does not require emergency

    treatment. It does require treatment at the earliest possible time by a

    veterinarian recommended for "Cherry Eye't. The quicker the dog gets

    treatment the better the chance for successful treatment without removing

    the gland. Removal of the gland often results in a dry eye.



    TEMPERATURE

    You take his temperature just as you take a small

    baby's - rectally. Use a good digital thermometer, lubricate generously

    with Vaseline, insert gently, hold onto the thermometer dogs have been

    known to suck them in!, wait until it beeps, pull out and

    read. Normal temperature for most dogs is from 100.5 to 101.



    ICE

    Start giving your Bulldog pieces of ice to eat when

    he is still a small puppy so that he learns to like it. Luckily, most Bulldogs

    do. This is a great way to cool down a hot dog. Blocks of ice make a great

    summer time toy. A pan of ice in or on top of his crate helps keep him

    cool.



    TAIL POCKECT CARE

    Bulldogs may have a small indented area underneath the tail. It is commonly

    referred to as the tail pocket. Some Bulldogs have their tail set

    in this pocket. In these cases, special effort is needed to keep

    the pocket clean and dry. If not properly cared for, your Bulldog

    may end up with an infection. They can be difficult but if you are

    diligent about taking care of it, you can prevent any problems.

    Should your Bulldog be unfortunate enough to develop an infection,

    proper treatment will have him or her feeling better in no time.



    What you need:

    baby wipes (unscented with aloe work best)

    diaper rash cream (such as Desitin)

    medicated powder (such as Gold Bond)



    What to do:

    Use baby wipes to clean under the tail at least a couple of times per day.

    Your Bullie will most likely be licking the air while you are doing this,

    this is normal but funny to see.



    After that use unscented diaper rash creme and apply that to the raw areas,

    again getting under the tail as necessary. This will help to keep moisture

    out of the area. You may need to do this for a couple of days depending on

    how red/raw the area still is.



    Once you have the redness and irritation under control, continue with the

    baby wipes but switch to the medicated powder instead of diaper rash cream

    to help keep the area dry. This also helps with the itching your Bullie is

    probably dealing with. You can just apply the powder from the container or

    if you'd like, you may use a small paintbrush to help you get it where it needs to be.



    Within about 4-5 days your Bulldog should be back to normal (maybe sooner).

    You should consider making the medicated powder a weekly treatment or even

    more often to prevent problems in the future.





    ACNE



    What is acne?



    Acne in Bulldogs is similar to acne (pimples) in humans. It commonly appears on the

    chin and lips of young dogs. Bulldogs seem to be at an increased risk for acne.

    The condition often starts at puberty (5 to 8 months of age).



    What causes acne in Bulldogs?



    Genetics, hormones and trauma have been suggested as causes by some.

    Bacteria is another cause. Bulldogs enjoy putting their faces into all kinds of

    strange places. Some are susceptible to topical bacterial infections.

    Bacteria contacting the skin especially on the chin and flews may result in acne.





    What does it look like?



    Acne looks like little pink bumps and/or blackheads. They are usually found

    on the chin and flews. They may become infected and pus can be expressed

    from these lesions. Itching may develop and your Bullie may start

    rubbing his face against carpet and furniture.



    What is the treatment for acne?



    Acne is most often treated topically unless the case is severe.

    It is important that you use only the products recommended by your

    veterinarian, as your dog's skin is thinner and more sensitive than

    human skin. Many Bulldog owners follow a daily cleaning routine to

    care for and prevent acne. Hydrogen peroxide applied with a cotton ball

    is safe way to clean your Bulldog's face. Just be careful to keep it

    out of your Bullie's eyes. Another option is baby wipes.

    In severe cases treatment with drugs may be necessary and you will need

    to administer pills once or twice daily for a prolonged period of time.

    A commonly prescribed drug is the antibiotic cephalexin.

    Avoid trauma to the affected areas to limit scar formation.





    TEETH BRUSHING AND CARE



    Periodontal disease is a common disease in our dogs. Fortunately it is

    preventable and treatable. Proper diet (crunchy foods), chew treats

    and toys, along with tooth brushing at least twice per week can go a

    long way toward preventing dental disease in our Bulldogs. Taking an

    active role in the care of your dog's dental care will help reduce dental

    disease, bad breath and potential life threatening heart and kidney disease.

    The guide will show you how to brush your Bullie's teeth.

    Start brushing your Bulldog's teeth early when she is a puppy. With older

    and rescues who have not had previous dental care, you should start immediately

    after a professional cleaning.

    What you will need



    You will need a soft-bristled tooth brush or finger brush and pet safe toothpaste.

    Human toothpastes and baking soda may cause problems as it is virtually

    impossible to keep your Bulldog from swallowing the paste. Pet safe

    toothpastes are edible and are available in flavors that are appealing

    to dogs. A bristled toothbrush is imporant so that you can get below

    the gum line when brushing.

    Where to brush



    Periodontal disease most often affects the upper back teeth first. Plaque

    builds up on the tooth surface daily, especially just under the gum line.

    It takes less than 36 hours for this plaque to become mineralized and

    harden into "tartar" (calculus) that cannot be removed with a brush. Because

    of this, we recommend that you try to brush your Bullie's teeth daily. Make

    this a part of your daily routine just like cleaning wrinkles for example.

    If this it not possible, make it a point to brush at least every 3 days or so.

    Providing hard chew toys and toys designed to keep teeth clean will help with this.

    Pick a time of day that will become a convenient part of your pet's daily

    routine. Just before a walk or before a daily treat can help your pet

    actually look forward to brushing time. Take a few days to let both of you

    get use to the process. Follow with praise and a walk or treat each time.

    The key to success is to make it fun and rewarding for your Bullie.

    In many cases, the flavor of the toothpaste itself may be enough - though

    this can also make it more difficult to brush as your Bulldog will be more

    interested in eating it than in letting you brush her teeth!

    Start by offering your dog a taste of the toothpaste. The next time, let

    her taste the toothpaste, then run your finger along the gums of the upper

    teeth. Repeat the process with the tooth brush. Get the bristles of the brush

    along the gum line of the upper back teeth and angle slightly up, so the

    bristles get under the gum line. Work from back to front, making small

    circles along the gum lines.

    It will probably take less than a minute to brush the teeth. Concentrate on

    the outside of the upper teeth. Eventually you should be able to work up

    to brushing most or all of her teeth.

    Professional Care



    A Bulldog may need an occasional professional cleaning. By brushing your

    pet's teeth daily you can reduce periodontal disease and the frequency

    with which your Bulldog needs professional dental cleanings. Your Bulldog

    will be put under anesthesia for this process.



    TRAVELING WITH YOUR BULLDOG



    So you've decided to take a road trip and bring your best friend with you?

    Your Bullie will love you for it, however there are some very important

    guidelines you should follow to ensure a safe trip for you and your friend.



    Riding in the Car



    Bulldogs that enjoy car travel should be confined to a carrier or you may use a

    restraining harness (available at most pet-supply stores). Your friend should

    always be kept safely inside the car. Pets who are allowed to stick their heads

    out the window can be injured by airborne debris or become ill from having

    cold air forced into their lungs. Never transport a pet in the back of an open pickup truck.



    Stop frequently to allow your pet to drink, exercise, and eliminate. Never permit

    your pet to leave the car without a collar, ID tag, and leash.



    Keeping Cool

    First and foremost you must keep your Bullie cool while traveling.

    Bulldogs easily overheat, so remember when traveling with your Bulldog

    have an ice chest with the following items:



    Blue Ice to keep everything cool

    Ice chips if possible or ice cubes

    Cut lemon ( you can also use a RealLemon plastic lemon)

    Plenty of water from home (your Bullie's normal drinking source)



    Bulldogs love ice chips and they help to keep your Bullie cool.

    Let your Bullie have some water and/or ice chips whenever you stop

    for a bio-break.

    Never leave your pet unattended in a parked car.

    On warm days, the temperature in your car can rise to 120 in a matter

    of minutes, even with the windows opened slightly. Furthermore, an animal

    left alone in a car is an invitation to pet thieves.




    The juice from the lemon or plastic RealLemon can be used if your Bullie

    starts to get phlegm. The juice breaks up the foamy phlegm in their throat

    allowing them to cough up the foam.



    General Items



    In addition, to keep your Bulldog safe, there are several other items that

    should be included in your Bullie's travel bag:



    Benadryl

    Baby wipes

    Bandana

    Poop disposal baggies

    Towels to wipe face

    Destin

    Ear wash

    Shampoo

    Toys

    Brush

    Lead, Leash or a Harness

    Current License and rabies tag



    Ok you may be thinking, "Why do I need all this stuff?" Bulldogs often

    have additional daily needs most other dogs do not have. Just like us,

    Bullies need an over night bag also.

    When you do take your bullie out make sure they have their license and rabies

    tags on it just is a safe precaution. Carry a current photograph of your pet.

    If your pet is accidentally lost, having a current photograph will make the search easier.



    CANINE ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION



    Remeber that you should only perform artificial respiration if your Bulldog

    has stopped breathing. To do this look at your Bullie's gums. If they are pink,

    you can be relatively certain that oxygen is present in the bloodstream.

    If the gums appear blue or white, he is not getting enough oxygen and artificial

    respiration may be needed. Obviously with Bulldogs it is usually

    quite apparent if they are breathing.

    To give your Bulldog artificial respiration, follow these steps:



    1. Lay your Bulldog on his side and make sure there is no debris in his nose and mouth.



    2. Gently pull his tongue forward.



    3. Close his mouth and adjust his head so that his neck and head are in a straight line.



    4. Place your mouth over his nose and blow - you should see his chest expand.



    5. Remove your mouth. Your Bullie's lungs should deflate.



    Repeat this process 10 to 20 times per minute until he begins breathing on his own.



    Get emergency veterinary assistance as soon as you can!



    INSECT STINGS AND BITES



    Bulldogs are very inquistive and due to their lack of a snout they

    tend shove thier faces into the things they investigate. This

    leaves them susceptible to a bee or wasp sting. A single bee sting

    is generally not too serious (aside from the pain it will cause),

    but being stung multiple times can be deadly. However if the single

    sting is in the mouth or around the nose, there is much more danger.

    Knowing what to do if your Bulldog is stung by a bee or wasp is very important.

    Also in the southeastern United States, fire ants can pose a similar risk.

    If your Bulldog disturbs a colony of these ants, it is possible that she

    will suffer a large number of bites to the face. The danger of swelling

    and airway obstruction is very real.



    What do I do immediately?



    If it is a bee sting and the stinger is visible, remove it carefully with

    a tweezers. If you notice the bulb (venom sac) still attached, be careful

    not to put pressure on it as you may force more venom into your Bulldog.

    Many vets recommend applying a paste of baking soda and water to the sting

    and surrounding area.

    Use an ice pack to relieve swelling and pain.

    Give an oral or injectable antihistamine (as directed by your vet). Many

    owners have benadryl tablets on hand for these emergencies. The benadryl

    dosage is 1 mg per 1lb of dog weight up to 50mg. Standard caplets of benadryl

    are 25mg. Read the label carefully to be sure.

    Keep an eye on your Bullie. If the swelling becomes extreme within 10 minutes

    or so, or if your Bulldog is having problems swallowing and/or breathing,

    get to the vet immediately.






    As dog owners it is our responsibility to assure that we protect

    our dogs from ingesting harmful household chemicals. Below we have

    provided a table listing many of the more common poisons, where they come

    from, the symptoms of ingestion, and the immediate action to take should

    your dog ingest these poisons. The information provided is for educational

    purposes and for your convenience only.



    Under no circumstance should this information replace the advice of your veterinarian.

    Posion Source Symptoms Immediate Action
    Alkaline cleaners laundry detergents, ammonia

    If swallowed - pawing at mouth, drooling, abdominal pain

    Skin contact - rolling, licking

    Do not induce vomiting. Rinse mouth with milk or water. Rinse skin with cool water
    Solvents or paint thinner paint thinner, etc Vomiting, diarrhea, ulcers on the tongue Do not induce vomiting. Wash skin and coat. Seek veterinary help immediately if ingested.
    Antifreeze garage spills, leaks Problems with balance, collapse, convulsions If just eaten, induce vomiting and get to the vet!
    Aspirin found in in the house, incorrectly given for pain Loss of appetite, vomiting (may contain blood), convulsions Induce vomiting and get to the vet immediately!
    Anti-depressants (sedatives) found in the home or incorrectly given by owner Staggering, loss of coordination, coma If just eaten, induce vomiting and get to the vet!
    Cannabis (marijuana) found in the home Dilated pupils, agitation, loss of coordination Confine to a quiet, dimly lit area. Contact your vet possible medication.
    Carbon monoxide car exhaust, gas leak Loss of coordination, unconsciousness, bright red gums Fresh air, give artificial respiration if necessary
    Chlorine water treament equipment Red eyes and mouth Flush eyes well with water. Flush mouth with water or milk.
    Liquid detergents cleaning solutions Foaming/frothing from the mouth Wash the mouth thoroughly with clean water.
    Flea repellents flea treatments Twitching, restlessness, excessive salivation, convulsions Seek veterinary help immediately.
    Kerosene oil heating or cleaning fluids Stomach discomfort Do not induce vomiting. Seek veterinary advice immediately.
    Lead paint, batteries, lubricants Vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, whining, light sensitivity If just eaten, induce vomiting and get to the vet!
    Phenol wood preservatives, disinfectants, fungicides staggering, twitching, depression, coma Do not induce vomiting. Give milk and vegetable oil. Get to the vet!
    Slug and snail bait may be eaten by dog tremors, excessive salivation, convulsions, coma - may be fatal If just eaten, induce vomiting and get to the vet!
    Strychnine pesticides anxiety, tension, stiffness, leading to seizures, convulsions, then death Induce vomiting and get to the vet immediately!
    Tobacco cigarettes, cigars, pipes causes vomiting if swallowed Charcoal tablets can be used to sooth irritation.
    Warfarin rodent bait, dead rodent bruising, bleeding gums, possibly fatal in small dogs If just eaten, induce vomiting and get to the vet!