~~~~~ FRENCH BULLDOG ~~~~~
Note: This document is provided for information purposes only.
BRINGING PUPPY HOME
When you get your puppy, you should also receive
from the breeder: either the puppy's Registration Certificate or its Application
for Registration; a copy of its pedigree; a record of its immunizations
(exactly what shots and when given) and wormings, a sales contract
(if the puppy is sold on a Limited Registration you should receive
a sales contract which includes the terms, if any, under which the
breeder will lift that restriction); written care instructions;
a supply of the food the puppy eats. If you do not receive one of
these items you should get a written, dated and signed statement from the
breeder stating when you will receive that item or why you will not.
When you arrive home with your puppy, remember -
your puppy is a baby Bulldog. Like all babies, he needs lots of love and
cuddling, lots of rest and sleep, lots of love and cuddling, lots of good,
nourishing food and more love and cuddling.
Moving to a new home, leaving his dam and litter
mates and the only humans he has ever really known is a very traumatic
experience for the puppy, so try to make the move as easy as possible for
him. For the first couple of weeks, try to change his life as little as possible.
Follow the breeders feeding routine. The same times,
the same amount, the same brand of food, the same supplements. Feed him
in the same place at each meal. Be sure he has a special area all his own
for his bed. Give him lots and lots of cuddling and petting. Do not let
him play so long and hard that he becomes exhausted.
Sometime during the first week, you should take him
to your veterinarian for a check up and get to know you visit. Take along
the record of his immunizations and wormings.
Once the puppy is settled securely into his new home,
you can begin to introduce him to your way of doing things.
if you want to change the brand of puppy kibble he
is eating, the change should be slow and gradual. Substitute a small amount
of the old food with the new brand and slowly increase the ratio of new
to old until the old brand is completely replaced with the new.
While your French bulldog is young try to avoid any forced jumping exercises,
these include allowing your puppy to jump up onto the bed and back down from it,
forced jumping or jumping up and down the stairs. This is mainly due to the
vertical movements of this kind can increase the pressure on the cartridge
of the articulations, any harm done to these early could cause deformation of
the position of the legs. French bulldogs are still considered
young until around 18 month of age!!
Never ever give your Bulldog a rawhide toy. Even Bulldog puppies can tear
a piece off the rawhide and choke on it.
Puppies like knotted socks to shake and play tug of war with.
They also like Nylabone and Gummabone toys. Many like to play
with balls, but be sure the ball is too big to lodge in the throat. They
like cotton tug toys like Booda Bones. Some Bulldoggers give their puppies
and dogs Choo-Hooves and the dogs really like them, but be cautious with
these. They are an "only when I can watch you toy. The only
real difference between the toys for a puppy and the toys for an adult
Bulldog is size. The puppy gels a fairly small Gummabone, (the adult gets
a big one. Just be sure the toy is too big to swallow. Throw a Nyla or
Gummabone etc. away before it gets so small the dog can get the entire
piece in its mouth.)
A Bulldog should eat out of a pan which has a flat bottom and straight sides.
Most people use stainless steel because it lasts longer.
Most breeders feed a two to four month old puppy on a "free feed" Method.
There are several good brands of puppy kibble. If you are not satisfied
with the kibble he is eating,try another. You want a kibble the puppy likes
and which produces a nice coat, keeps the puppy round but not obese, and
produces solid stools. We Feed Diamond Naturals. Check the list of ingredients
on the sack. Do not feed your Bulldog a kibble which contains Corn, Wheat
or Glutens of any kind.
You may feed the puppy on a set schedule, or have
food available to him at all times. The pup will flourish under either
regimen. The choice depends on which is more convenient for you.
How much you feed him depends on the puppy. In most
cases, a growing puppy which gets sufficient exercise should eat as much
as it wants. If the puppy does become obese, you may need to regulate the
amount he eats, but do not put a growing puppy on a severely restricted
diet unless it is supervised by a veterinarian who is knowledgeable about
From four to six months a puppy's feeding regimen
should remain the same but the number of feedings may be reduced to three.
At about six months this number can be reduced to two. In most cases continue
feeding the puppy as much as he wants.
How often you feed a dog a year or more old depends
on your preference and the dog's. Most dogs do well on one meal a day.
Some do better on two meals a day. You may prefer to feed in the morning
or the evening. This is up to you. If you like it and the dog likes it,
it's the right way.
A Bulldog usually eats puppy kibble until it is at
least a year old. If he is thriving on puppy kibble, leave him on it until
he is at least two years old. You can feed him puppy kibble all his life,
if it agrees with him. Most Bulldogs are changed from puppy to adult kibble
at around twelve to eighteen months. The best change is to the adult version
of the puppy kibble you have been feeding him. It does not hurt your Bulldog
to change from one brand of dog food to another and then to another and
so on as long as each change is done by gradually, substituting more and
more of the new brand for the old.
If your Bulldog is spayed or neutered or as it ages
and becomes less active, you may need to start feeding a reduced calorie
dog food to keep it from becoming too fat. Most good brands of dog food
have such a kibble. Again, it's best if you stay with the same brand you've
been feeding and change to the lo-fat version.
Whatever its age, your Bulldog should have fresh water available at all times.
It is not really necessary to add to a good kibble.
But you may find your dog prefers goodies on his food, or does
a little better with some. The most common supplements are cottage cheese,
yogurt and oil. Cottage cheese is especially good for growing puppies since
the Bulldog must grow a lot of heavy bone in a short time. About a tablespoon
per feeding. Yogurt helps to keep the digestive system working well, about
a teaspoon per feeding. Oil helps to keep the coat and skin in good condition,
about a teaspoon twice a day. canola oil is best - do not give
your Bulldog any oil which contains soybean oil.
You may also give your Bulldog a vitamin supplement.
Do not over dose. If the directions say one a day, two is not better. You may
also give a vitamin C tablet 100 - 500 units per day. Supplements to be
very careful about are Vitamins E, D and A. Overdoses of these can cause
trouble. Also be very cautious about adding more calcium than what about
a quarter cup of cottage cheese per day adds to what is in the kibble.
If you plan to breed a bitch, vitamin B complex, including folic acid,
is recommended, but again be careful not to overdose. Iron supplements
should be given with care and caution.
Treats should usually be dog biscuits. It won't hurt
your Bulldog to give him an occasional bite of meat, vegetables, fruit,
soda crackers, ice cream, etc. etc. But do not give him chocolate or onions.
Bedding material used for Bulldogs ranges from Basic to special dog beds of
all types and prices. The most common is cottonrugs or blankets which can be
washed with ease. Don't pamper your Bulldogwith a wicker dog bed.
He will thoroughly enjoy reducing it to twigs and
it really isn't a good thing for him to eat. The fake sheepskin rugs available
from most pet stores and dog catalogues make good beds as they are soft
and wash and dry with ease. The important thing for bedding is that it
be easily washable and provide a soft nesting area for the dog. As long
as it meets that requirement, any bedding will do.
The key here is consistency. Take the pup outside, preferably to the same area
each time, as soon as he wakes up, about ten minutes after each meal, about
every hour when he's awake, just before his nap or night bedtime. The puppy
must empty bladder and bowels before he goes to bed for the night. Always
praise the puppy as he is going, and move away from the area as soon as
he is finished. Very few dogs will soil their beds, so it is best to keep
him confined at night and any time you cannot watch him. If you see the
pup "hunting" (sniffing and circling) take him outside immediately.
If you see him urinating or defecating in the house,
take him outside at once. Do not scold him when you catch him in
the act. This will only cause him to sneak around and potty in the house
away from your presence and may inhibit him from potty while you are present
outside with him! Praise for correct behavior works much better than punishment
for incorrect behavior. Remember, a puppy is a baby, his capacity
is small, his muscle control limited. Be consistent, be patient, and you
will succeed in training him to go outside not inside.
The earlier you start the better, but if your puppy
has not had any lead training before you get him, wait a week or so until
he's settled comfortably into his new home before you begin.
You will need a light weight Harness and a light weight lead.
Fasten the lead to the Harness and let the puppy lead you around.
If he doesn't move, move a bit and coax him to move after you.
Do not ever pullon the lead and drag or choke the puppy. This should be
a happy experience for the puppy so give him lots of praise. As he becomes
used to walking about with the harness and lead, begin to give little tugs
and encouragehim to follow you rather than you following him. Always keep
him on yourleft side. Keep his lessons short. Several five to ten minutes sessions
a day are better than one half hour session. Do not play with the puppy
during his lesson, but do praise him often when he follows you.
Once he is following you with consistency you can
begin taking him on walks around the neighborhood. You will probably need
to give him several gently tugs the first few times to keep him with you
rather than exploring on his own. You may need to stop and talk to him
a few times. Again, do not pull on the lead and drag or choke him. A quick
jerk and immediate release on the harness is the way to control him. Do
not try to rush this. A few minutes a day, every day, lots of praise when
he does it right, a quick jerk and release to correct when he doesn't,
lots of praise, patience and consistency and he will soon be walking nicely
at your side. If you plan to show your puppy, you will also need to
train him to stand still and let you hold his head. Start this training
along with the lead training as early as possible.
~~~~ BULLDOG MEDICINE CHEST ~~~~
Below you'll find a basic checklist of medications and first aid equipment you
should have on hand to care for your Bulldog. This should by no means take the
place of the advice of a veterinarian. Please consult your vet about the proper
use of any of the items on this list.
Vaseline. Use this on his nose, on his eye wrinkles,
any place you need to soothe and waterproof but don't need to medicate.
Use it also on the thermometer when you take his temperature.
Plastic RealLemon. If he gets phlegm in his throat
and chokes on it, a couple squirts of juice from the plastic lemon will
help clear it out.
A good Digital Thermometer.
Clear Eyes, for irritated eyes
Aspirin. For minor aches and pains. Most Bulldogs
can tolerate aspirin but do not give any other human pain reliever such
as Tylenol or Advil. Buffered aspirin such as Bufferin is better than plain
aspirin and Ascriptin is better than Bufferin. Remember that the dosage
for aspirin, like most pain relief medication, is based primarily on body
weight. A Bulldog should never be given more than one tablet at a time
or more frequently than every twelve hours. Some Bulldogs are allergic
to aspirin, so use with care.
Benadryl. Either capsule or liquid. Use this if the
dog is stung by a bee or other insect, and for minor allergies.
Dosage: Benadryl = 1 mg per 1lb of dog weight up to 50 mg
Bag Balm. A good all purpose ointment for minor skin afflictions.
Also good for cleaning wrinkles, tail pockets and ears. Do not put in his eyes.
Baby Wipes with lanolin and aloe (unscented), good for cleaning wrinkles and tail pockets.
PeptoBismol. For minor stomach upset and diarrhea.
Dosage: Pepto Bismol = 1 tsp per 20lbs of dog weight every 4 hours (tends to be
more effective for diarrhea in dogs than strict antidiarrheal medications)
Kaopectate. For minor diarrhea.
Dosage: Kaopectate = 1 tsp for each 20lbs of dog every 4 hours
Desitin Use for minor skin irritations, keeping skin folds dry, and minor sunburn
Cough medicine (Triaminic) - Use to control cough and as expectorant
Dosage: Triaminic = 1 tsp per 20lbs of dog weight every 4-6 hours (short-term use only)
Anticoagulant (styptic powder) - Use to stop bleeding caused by cutting
into the quick when trimming nails
Hydrogen peroxide - Use to induce vomiting or as a general antiseptic cleanser
Dosage: 1 tsp per 10lbs of dog weight, repeat once in 15 minutes if necessary (to induce vomiting)
Ophthalmic ointment (non-steroid)
medicated powder such as Gold Bond
3 cc/ml Syringes without needles, for ORAL liquid medicines or treatments.
Q-tips. Use for applying medication and cleaning ears.
Cotton balls. Use for applying medication, for cleaning
and to keep ears dry while bathing.
soft bristle or rubber brush
shampoo - mild, no tears
Dog nail clippers or an electric grinder
Your Bulldog should be thoroughly brushed at least three times a week. Most
Bulldogs love to be brushed. Use a soft bristle or rubber brush. Start
at the rear and brush against the hair. After you've brushed the entire
dog against the grain, brush it with the grain. Follow this with a good
rub down. This will keep his hair shiny and his skin healthy. During shedding
time, spring and fall, you may need to brush more often, give more frequent
rubdowns. The idea is to remove the dead hair and distribute the natural oils.
A Bulldog that receives frequent brushings and rubdowns
does not need frequent bathing. Most People bathe their dogs when
the dog is dirty - when it obviously needs a bath.
Where do you bathe a Bulldog? Any place you want to and can!
Some people have a big deep sink, some use the bath tub,
some use the kitchen sink, in the summer some wash the dog on the lawn.
You need a place where you can control the dog, where you can easily control
the water supply and where you can rinse the dog thoroughly. It's a good
idea, especially with a puppy, to take the dog outside to do his
thing just before you bathe him.
Gather up all the things you will need before you start.
You will need:
shampoo, any rinses you plan to use, cotton balls, Q-tips, eye ointment or mineral oil,
Vaseline, wash cloth, towels.
You will want a mild, no tears shampoo. Most people use a dog shampoo.
Some use a baby shampoo such as Johnson and Johnson No Tears or Avon Tearless.
You may on occasion need to use a flea shampoo but since these are quite harsh,
don't use one unless you really need to.
Put a couple of drops of mineral oil or a bit of
eye ointment in the eyes and place a cotton ball securely in each ear before
you wet the dog. Wet the dog thoroughly from just behind the ears to the
tips of the toes on his hind feet. Be sure his underside is wet, too, not
just the top and sides. Apply the shampoo starting at his neck and working
back. Work the shampoo in to be sure you get all the way through his hair
to the skin. Pay special attention to his paws (wash between the toes),
his tail (clean all around the base), and the genital area. On a bitch,
be especially careful to clean the vulva. Wet the wash cloth and use it
to dampen the dog's face and ears. Put some shampoo on the washcloth and
wash the dog's face. Wash the wrinkles over the nose, on the forehead,
around the nose and under the eyes. Wash his nose. Wash his ears, inside
and out. Now rinse. Rinse until you are sure every bit of the dog, especially
in the wrinkles and tight places, is thoroughly rinsed and there is no
shampoo any place. If you are applying a rinse, do it now, following the
Dry the dog with towels. Take the cotton balls out
of the dog's ears and clean any wax carefully using a dry Q-Tip or one
with a dab of Bag Balm. Rub a dab of Vaseline onto his nose to help keep
it soft. You can then let him air dry or use a hair dryer to finish the
drying. It's best to keep the dog inside until it is completely dry - about
Most Bulldogs need their toe nails cut on a regular basis - about every
two weeks. The nails should be kept as short as possible.
You may use dog nail clippers or an electric grinder. Most people
use the clippers, either guillotine or scissors type. Which type you use
is up to you, but they should be sharp. When the blade begins to dull,
replace it or buy new clippers - dull blades can be painful to the dog.
Each person seems to have a different way to clip nails. Find the way
that works best for you. The important thing is
to be able to control the dog so that you do not hurt it.
You can put the dog on the floor and scratch its tummy, or hold it between
your legs - whatever works. Be especially careful not to cut into the quick.
On white nails you can see where the quick begins. On black nails cut just to
the curve of the nail. The clippers usually leave a rough edge. Use a good
dog nail file to smooth them off. If you use en electric grinder, be very,
very careful. It is easy to grind into the quick.
The main thing is to make the experience as pleasant
as possible for the dog so be really careful when cutting nails and don't
cut into the quick. If you dog takes frequent walks on pavement or such,
it will usually wear the nails down, so again, be careful as there may
not be very much nail to cut. This is especially true of black nails which
seem to wear more than the white ones.
It is a good idea to put a little Vaseline on the nose of your French bulldog
every now and again to stop it from drying out, a normal nose should be cool
or wet but never dry and hot. If the nose is hot then you should take the dogs
temperature and seek the advice of the vet.
Bulldogs tend to have messy face wrinkles. The older
they get, the messier the wrinkles. How often you clean these wrinkles
depends on the dog. Some do very well if you clean the wrinkles a couple
of times a week. Some need it on a daily basis. When you clean the wrinkles,
wash his nose and apply a good rub of Vaseline to keep it soft. It's better
to clean more often than you think you need to than not often enough. You
can clean the wrinkles with a soft, damp cloth and then dry. Or you can
wash them using the shampoo you use to bathe the dog. Be sure to rinse
thoroughly and dry thoroughly. One of the best ways is to wipe the wrinkles
clean with Baby Wipes with lanolin and aloe. Whatever method you use, be
sure to get the deep nose wrinkle clean. You may need to put a soothing
ointment in the deep nose wrinkle. If it is irritated Panalog will help
to heal. Diaparene Ointment will soothe and dry the wrinkle. This contains
zinc oxide, so before you apply it, rub Vaseline into the dog's nose. You
will see a sizable number of Bulldogs have tear stains
of varying degrees of color. If the stain is bad, in addition to cleaning
you may want to try to remove the stain. There are many treatments, you
may have to try several before you find one that works for you. Some of
the commercial products used are Showes "Pretty Eyes Stain remover,
Bio-Groom cream (to prevent re-staining) and Diamond Eye. You can make
a paste of I Tbs. Hydrogen Peroxide and enough corn starch to make a thin
paste (some people add I Tbs. Milk of Magnesia to the hydrogen peroxide
and mix the cornstarch into that mixture). Apply to the stain, let dry,
brush off excess. Apply on a daily basis until the stain in gone, then
weekly to keep stain from returning. Another method is to rub the stain
with a cotton ball soaked in Boric Acid. Daily until the stain is gone,
then weekly. Or use NM Boric Acid ointment (10%) which can be purchased
at Payless or most any drug store. Another remedy is rubbing a dab of Desitin
into the stain to help dry it
The best way to treat fleas is to prevent them. Some dogs are allergic to flea
saliva and can develop really serious skin problems
so try to keep the flea population to a minimum. If you do get a bad flea
infestation you may need to bomb your house or kennel, spray the yard and/or dog runs.
Frequent brushing is the first defense. Frequently changed bedding is very important.
Flea collars are not very effective and many Bulldogs cannot wear them.
If you do use one, do not put one on a wet or damp dog and do not allow the
dog to wear a wet collar (this includes letting the dog out in the rain with
its flea collar on).
You may need to give the dog a bath with a good flea
shampoo or use an anti-flea rinse when you bathe. The chemicals used in
these shampoos are harsh so use them only when necessary and follow instructions
carefully. Avon Skin so Soft mixed in the rinse water is
an effective, non-irritating flea deterrent used by several people.
You can also use the Skin so Soft mixed with an equal part of water in
a spray bottle, or, if you feel that's a bit too strong, try two capfuls
in a pint spray bottle. This is also reported to repel mosquitoes and ticks.
Above all else, a clean environment, especially his bed, is the best flea prevention.
~~~ PROBLEMS AND TREATMENTS ~~~
The second best medical advice any one can give you
is,Find a veterinarian who knows and likes Bulldogs. This is one of the
reasons why it's a good idea to join your local Bulldog Meet up Group.
The members can usually refer you to a veterinarian who is familiar
with Bulldogs and who likes them. Believe it or not - some veterinarians
don't like Bulldogs, and no matter how good a veterinarian is, he's
not a good one for your Bulldog.
The very best advice is to know your Bulldog. Check the entire dog daily.
Know if he isn't eating, if he isn't playing, if he doesn't seem quite right.
Know immediately if something is wrong so you can take appropriate action.
There are several minor ailments you can treat at home. Remember that if a home
remedy doesn't cure the problem in two days, it's time to take the dog to the
veterinarian. Do not keep trying various methods of home medication.
The easiest way to give a liquid medication is with a syringe.
You can get them from your veterinarian or most drug stores.
You want at least a 3cc size. Discard the needle. Pull the proper amount
of liquid into the syringe, open the dog's mouth and shoot
the liquid onto the back of his tongue.
PILLS AND CAPSULES
Open the dog's mouth, push the pill or capsule as far down his throat as possible,
then hold his mouth shut and stroke his throat until he swallows.
This has been known to work.
Or wrap the pill or capsule in a bit of ground beef, lunchmeat or Velveeta cheese
and feed it to the dog.
This usually works.
For minor upset stomach Pepto Bismol or a similar medicine works best.
Dose is according to the dog's weight. If there is
hard vomiting or if the upset lasts more than 24 hours, take the dog to
Kaopectate is most usually prescribed for minor diarrhea.
Dose amount depends on the dog's weight. If the diarrhea continues longer
than 24 hours or if there is Blood or Mucus in the stool, take the dog to the veterinarian.
These are red, weepy, itchy spots. No one seems to
really know what causes them. It could be fleas, food, allergies, etc.
Clean the area thoroughly. You can wash with shampoo, rinse and dry. Or
clean with Baby Wipes with lanolin and aloe. Or wash with Bigeloil. Then
apply a medications such as Panalog, Bag Balm, Sulfadene, Schreiner's Healing
Liniment (from a feed store) or 1% cortisone cream (you may need to get
this from your own doctor). Clean and apply medication daily. You should
see improvement by the second day, if not, take the dog to the veterinarian.
This is another problem that no one seems to be sure
what the cause is But you'll know one when you see an angry red swelling
pop up between the dog's toes. First examine the paw carefully, especially
the underside between the pads to be sure there is no foreign matter (a
thorn or such). If there is, take it out. Clean the area. Remedies include:
(1) Soaking the paw in warm water and Epsom Salts or Massengale Douche
solution, dry and rub in Panalog.
(2) Desenex foot powder.
(4) Division 5 Bulletin formula. Have your veterinarian make this up
for you One part 60% DMSO, one part Gentavet solution 50 mg. per ml. Apply
one drop per day; rub in with a Q Tip. Do NOT use more than one drop, do
NOT apply more frequently than once a day. If you start application at
the first sign, this solution will prevent the cyst from developing. With
all these treatments, it's best to continue the treatment for two to three
days after the cyst is gone.
These are somewhat like hot spots, but they are not
weepy. Be sure you clean away all the scabby material. Wash
the area and treat with Panalog, Keflex, or any good anti-fungal ointment.
You can use Demorex shampoo or a sulfur based soap for the washing.
Dust, wind, pollen, the things that make your eyes
burn and water have the same effect on your Bulldog. You can rinse the
eyes out with a solution such as Clear Eyes. If the eyes are badly irritated,
use a contact lens ointment such as Bausch & Lomb Duolube. For any
other eye ailment, take the dog to your veterinarian.
The gland which normally resides under the lower
eye lid at the inside corner of the eye will sometimes pop
out. This is not as horrible as it appears to be and does not require emergency
treatment. It does require treatment at the earliest possible time by a
veterinarian recommended for "Cherry Eye't. The quicker the dog gets
treatment the better the chance for successful treatment without removing
the gland. Removal of the gland often results in a dry eye.
You take his temperature just as you take a small
baby's - rectally. Use a good digital thermometer, lubricate generously
with Vaseline, insert gently, hold onto the thermometer dogs have been
known to suck them in!, wait until it beeps, pull out and
read. Normal temperature for most dogs is from 100.5 to 101.
Start giving your Bulldog pieces of ice to eat when
he is still a small puppy so that he learns to like it. Luckily, most Bulldogs
do. This is a great way to cool down a hot dog. Blocks of ice make a great
summer time toy. A pan of ice in or on top of his crate helps keep him
TAIL POCKECT CARE
Bulldogs may have a small indented area underneath the tail. It is commonly
referred to as the tail pocket. Some Bulldogs have their tail set
in this pocket. In these cases, special effort is needed to keep
the pocket clean and dry. If not properly cared for, your Bulldog
may end up with an infection. They can be difficult but if you are
diligent about taking care of it, you can prevent any problems.
Should your Bulldog be unfortunate enough to develop an infection,
proper treatment will have him or her feeling better in no time.
What you need:
baby wipes (unscented with aloe work best)
diaper rash cream (such as Desitin)
medicated powder (such as Gold Bond)
What to do:
Use baby wipes to clean under the tail at least a couple of times per day.
Your Bullie will most likely be licking the air while you are doing this,
this is normal but funny to see.
After that use unscented diaper rash creme and apply that to the raw areas,
again getting under the tail as necessary. This will help to keep moisture
out of the area. You may need to do this for a couple of days depending on
how red/raw the area still is.
Once you have the redness and irritation under control, continue with the
baby wipes but switch to the medicated powder instead of diaper rash cream
to help keep the area dry. This also helps with the itching your Bullie is
probably dealing with. You can just apply the powder from the container or
if you'd like, you may use a small paintbrush to help you get it where it needs to be.
Within about 4-5 days your Bulldog should be back to normal (maybe sooner).
You should consider making the medicated powder a weekly treatment or even
more often to prevent problems in the future.
What is acne?
Acne in Bulldogs is similar to acne (pimples) in humans. It commonly appears on the
chin and lips of young dogs. Bulldogs seem to be at an increased risk for acne.
The condition often starts at puberty (5 to 8 months of age).
What causes acne in Bulldogs?
Genetics, hormones and trauma have been suggested as causes by some.
Bacteria is another cause. Bulldogs enjoy putting their faces into all kinds of
strange places. Some are susceptible to topical bacterial infections.
Bacteria contacting the skin especially on the chin and flews may result in acne.
What does it look like?
Acne looks like little pink bumps and/or blackheads. They are usually found
on the chin and flews. They may become infected and pus can be expressed
from these lesions. Itching may develop and your Bullie may start
rubbing his face against carpet and furniture.
What is the treatment for acne?
Acne is most often treated topically unless the case is severe.
It is important that you use only the products recommended by your
veterinarian, as your dog's skin is thinner and more sensitive than
human skin. Many Bulldog owners follow a daily cleaning routine to
care for and prevent acne. Hydrogen peroxide applied with a cotton ball
is safe way to clean your Bulldog's face. Just be careful to keep it
out of your Bullie's eyes. Another option is baby wipes.
In severe cases treatment with drugs may be necessary and you will need
to administer pills once or twice daily for a prolonged period of time.
A commonly prescribed drug is the antibiotic cephalexin.
Avoid trauma to the affected areas to limit scar formation.
TEETH BRUSHING AND CARE
Periodontal disease is a common disease in our dogs. Fortunately it is
preventable and treatable. Proper diet (crunchy foods), chew treats
and toys, along with tooth brushing at least twice per week can go a
long way toward preventing dental disease in our Bulldogs. Taking an
active role in the care of your dog's dental care will help reduce dental
disease, bad breath and potential life threatening heart and kidney disease.
The guide will show you how to brush your Bullie's teeth.
Start brushing your Bulldog's teeth early when she is a puppy. With older
and rescues who have not had previous dental care, you should start immediately
after a professional cleaning.
What you will need
You will need a soft-bristled tooth brush or finger brush and pet safe toothpaste.
Human toothpastes and baking soda may cause problems as it is virtually
impossible to keep your Bulldog from swallowing the paste. Pet safe
toothpastes are edible and are available in flavors that are appealing
to dogs. A bristled toothbrush is imporant so that you can get below
the gum line when brushing.
Where to brush
Periodontal disease most often affects the upper back teeth first. Plaque
builds up on the tooth surface daily, especially just under the gum line.
It takes less than 36 hours for this plaque to become mineralized and
harden into "tartar" (calculus) that cannot be removed with a brush. Because
of this, we recommend that you try to brush your Bullie's teeth daily. Make
this a part of your daily routine just like cleaning wrinkles for example.
If this it not possible, make it a point to brush at least every 3 days or so.
Providing hard chew toys and toys designed to keep teeth clean will help with this.
Pick a time of day that will become a convenient part of your pet's daily
routine. Just before a walk or before a daily treat can help your pet
actually look forward to brushing time. Take a few days to let both of you
get use to the process. Follow with praise and a walk or treat each time.
The key to success is to make it fun and rewarding for your Bullie.
In many cases, the flavor of the toothpaste itself may be enough - though
this can also make it more difficult to brush as your Bulldog will be more
interested in eating it than in letting you brush her teeth!
Start by offering your dog a taste of the toothpaste. The next time, let
her taste the toothpaste, then run your finger along the gums of the upper
teeth. Repeat the process with the tooth brush. Get the bristles of the brush
along the gum line of the upper back teeth and angle slightly up, so the
bristles get under the gum line. Work from back to front, making small
circles along the gum lines.
It will probably take less than a minute to brush the teeth. Concentrate on
the outside of the upper teeth. Eventually you should be able to work up
to brushing most or all of her teeth.
A Bulldog may need an occasional professional cleaning. By brushing your
pet's teeth daily you can reduce periodontal disease and the frequency
with which your Bulldog needs professional dental cleanings. Your Bulldog
will be put under anesthesia for this process.
TRAVELING WITH YOUR BULLDOG
So you've decided to take a road trip and bring your best friend with you?
Your Bullie will love you for it, however there are some very important
guidelines you should follow to ensure a safe trip for you and your friend.
Riding in the Car
Bulldogs that enjoy car travel should be confined to a carrier or you may use a
restraining harness (available at most pet-supply stores). Your friend should
always be kept safely inside the car. Pets who are allowed to stick their heads
out the window can be injured by airborne debris or become ill from having
cold air forced into their lungs. Never transport a pet in the back of an open pickup truck.
Stop frequently to allow your pet to drink, exercise, and eliminate. Never permit
your pet to leave the car without a collar, ID tag, and leash.
First and foremost you must keep your Bullie cool while traveling.
Bulldogs easily overheat, so remember when traveling with your Bulldog
have an ice chest with the following items:
Blue Ice to keep everything cool
Ice chips if possible or ice cubes
Cut lemon ( you can also use a RealLemon plastic lemon)
Plenty of water from home (your Bullie's normal drinking source)
Bulldogs love ice chips and they help to keep your Bullie cool.
Let your Bullie have some water and/or ice chips whenever you stop
for a bio-break.
Never leave your pet unattended in a parked car.
On warm days, the temperature in your car can rise to 120 in a matter
of minutes, even with the windows opened slightly. Furthermore, an animal
left alone in a car is an invitation to pet thieves.
The juice from the lemon or plastic RealLemon can be used if your Bullie
starts to get phlegm. The juice breaks up the foamy phlegm in their throat
allowing them to cough up the foam.
In addition, to keep your Bulldog safe, there are several other items that
should be included in your Bullie's travel bag:
Poop disposal baggies
Towels to wipe face
Lead, Leash or a Harness
Current License and rabies tag
Ok you may be thinking, "Why do I need all this stuff?" Bulldogs often
have additional daily needs most other dogs do not have. Just like us,
Bullies need an over night bag also.
When you do take your bullie out make sure they have their license and rabies
tags on it just is a safe precaution. Carry a current photograph of your pet.
If your pet is accidentally lost, having a current photograph will make the search easier.
CANINE ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION
Remeber that you should only perform artificial respiration if your Bulldog
has stopped breathing. To do this look at your Bullie's gums. If they are pink,
you can be relatively certain that oxygen is present in the bloodstream.
If the gums appear blue or white, he is not getting enough oxygen and artificial
respiration may be needed. Obviously with Bulldogs it is usually
quite apparent if they are breathing.
To give your Bulldog artificial respiration, follow these steps:
1. Lay your Bulldog on his side and make sure there is no debris in his nose and mouth.
2. Gently pull his tongue forward.
3. Close his mouth and adjust his head so that his neck and head are in a straight line.
4. Place your mouth over his nose and blow - you should see his chest expand.
5. Remove your mouth. Your Bullie's lungs should deflate.
Repeat this process 10 to 20 times per minute until he begins breathing on his own.
Get emergency veterinary assistance as soon as you can!
INSECT STINGS AND BITES
Bulldogs are very inquistive and due to their lack of a snout they
tend shove thier faces into the things they investigate. This
leaves them susceptible to a bee or wasp sting. A single bee sting
is generally not too serious (aside from the pain it will cause),
but being stung multiple times can be deadly. However if the single
sting is in the mouth or around the nose, there is much more danger.
Knowing what to do if your Bulldog is stung by a bee or wasp is very important.
Also in the southeastern United States, fire ants can pose a similar risk.
If your Bulldog disturbs a colony of these ants, it is possible that she
will suffer a large number of bites to the face. The danger of swelling
and airway obstruction is very real.
What do I do immediately?
If it is a bee sting and the stinger is visible, remove it carefully with
a tweezers. If you notice the bulb (venom sac) still attached, be careful
not to put pressure on it as you may force more venom into your Bulldog.
Many vets recommend applying a paste of baking soda and water to the sting
and surrounding area.
Use an ice pack to relieve swelling and pain.
Give an oral or injectable antihistamine (as directed by your vet). Many
owners have benadryl tablets on hand for these emergencies. The benadryl
dosage is 1 mg per 1lb of dog weight up to 50mg. Standard caplets of benadryl
are 25mg. Read the label carefully to be sure.
Keep an eye on your Bullie. If the swelling becomes extreme within 10 minutes
or so, or if your Bulldog is having problems swallowing and/or breathing,
get to the vet immediately.
As dog owners it is our responsibility to assure that we protect
Under no circumstance should this information replace the advice of your veterinarian.